The history and concept of forest schools or nature schools were covered in the article <<What is Forest School?>> This article aims to explain the benefits of forest schools for children. Since forest schools allow children to develop in all aspects, these benefits can be split up into different categories:
Benefits of Forest Schools for kids
1) Improve physical health
Breathing and sleeping
Nowadays, parents’ primary concerns are their children’s eating habits. Children’s appetite and sleep are improved and regulated when they play and breathe outside. As a result, parents whose children attend nature schools do not need to deal with their children’s eating habits. In addition, children who attend nature schools regularly sleep better and have a full night’s sleep. Children at nature schools are less likely to become obese as they are encouraged to participate in physical activity.
Fine and Gross motor skills
The development of fine and gross motor skills is one of the important benefits of forest schools. The presence of children in nature schools increases the physical ability of children, which results in strengthening both fine and gross motor skills in children.
Fine motor skills are the coordination of children’s small muscles, such as those in their hands, wrists, and fingers, with their eyes. Picking up small objects, using scissors, writing, drawing, and tying shoelaces are all exercises that help improve fine motor skills.
Gross motor skills are those that require the movement of the whole body and the activity of large muscles to perform daily activities, such as standing, walking, and running.
2) Improve mental health
Children rely on their senses to survive. Kids’ sensory experiences in the outside world link them to the hidden emotional world within. Nature is the primary source of sensory experience; as a result, having the freedom to explore and play in nature is critical for the healthy development of a child’s inner life.
How to connect with nature is one of the lasting childhood experiences. Rock, soil, water, mud, animals and plants, the experience of playing in the rain and snow, and many other interactions with natural elements, whether alone or with other teammates, all play a role in shaping such experience. As a result, the connection with nature has a significant impact on the children’s quality of life as well as their spiritual and physical well-being.
In adulthood, children who have grown up in a less green environment are 55 percent more likely to get spiritual sickness. The impact of connection with the natural environment is comparable to the impact of family history in the development of spiritual diseases.
3) Nature conservation
Another benefit of forest schools is that the children who attend them are well-versed in the natural world’s changes. They experience the season changing, leaves falling and growing, raining and snowing. As a result, they form a direct and profound emotional connection with nature. This connection subsequently develops into a sense of nature conservation and environmental protection.
4) Sense of independence
At forest schools, children learn to follow their interests and act independently on their own.
5) problem-solving ability
Children who play outside are more likely to be in a decision-making situation since these places are far more varied and uneven than interior spaces. These situations promote the problem-solving skills and creative thinking of kids. Furthermore, in outdoor areas like forest schools, children have more space outside the home and are less constrained in their mobility.
6) Risk-taking ability
Most people associate risks with danger, but in forest school, risks are stimuli that can increase children’s abilities and self-confidence while also teaching them to take care of themselves. This results in enhancing their self-esteem and confidence. Presence in natural spaces has a high risk. Some activities may appear dangerous, but dangers are regarded as a challenge for children in the nature school approach. Children in forest schools will have an intuitive ability to overcome dangers and challenges. For instance, children will have the chance to light a fire and cope with its risks and dangers in such places.
7) social skills
In nature schools, children are continuously interacting with one another. When they are confronted with a problem, they can seek help from other children or their mentors. During this process, their social skills are developed. They learn how to communicate with others and deal with social problems.
The right to experience nature as a child should be regarded as inalienable, just like the right to have parents, shelter, water, and nutritious food. Its absence has a long-term impact on life that cannot be compensated in adulthood. The global spread of the corona pandemic has provided a warning to all of the world’s residents that in order to overcome such crises, we must take a different approach than we have in the past.
Forest schools could be a possible answer to this problem. Forest schools can help children and adults have healthier lives. This article looked at some of the benefits of forest schools for kids. Forest schools can improve children’s social skills, increase their risk-taking ability, improve their problem-solving skills, increase their sense of independence, develop a sense of natural conversation, and improve physical and mental health.